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Nokia Oulu Telia 5G Demo
How 5G Will Change Your Life, Not Just a Network?
Cover Story
Contributed By Nokia
The future of communication technology comes from transforming our lives rather than simply surfing the Internet while moving, connecting global networks, and diversifying content distribution. In particular, 5G is different from the existing mobile communication technology because the purpose of 5G technology development is to lead the change of the world by using communication technology.
5G is not the next generation mobile communication technology
5G is not just ‘the next G’, another wireless technology. It is a complete redesign of network architecture with the flexibility and agility to support an array of future service opportunities. 5G delivers capabilities are not available in previous generations of network technologies. It will enable networks to go beyond human-to-human interaction, connect further billions of connected things and reliably control machines in real-time.
5G will bring higher speeds, higher capacity, lower latency and greater reliability to applications dependent on connectivity. While 4G LTE was originally designed for high-speed mobile broadband and access, 5G is designed to address new spectrum and deliver a new level of application diversity, leading to new business models, increasing revenue opportunities and improving operational efficiency for operators and enterprises.
5G provides the capability to deliver dynamically dedicated end-to-end network slices, that dedicates a specific level of performance across the entire network for a given application, opening up new business models for operators, service providers and other interested groups. 5G Delivers the extremely low latency and speeds to deliver new possibilities for consumers and industries. Consumer entertainment will be enhanced with super-fast download of HD video in seconds and new virtual reality experiences.
Connectivity for billions of IoT devices will enable smart factories, where robots, sensors and remotely-located human operators working in synch, as well as healthcare services, and vehicle platooning on a large scale for huge efficiency gains, for example, in road haulage.
However, interest in 5G technology is still focused on smartphones due to the name; the Fifth Generation Cellular Network Technology. We need to remember that the star of 5G technology is not a smartphone and the market's expectation for 5G lies in 'industrial change'. 5G should be understood as a foundational technology that can complete the value of the fourth industrial revolution rather than mobile communication technology.
The star of the 5G era is not a smartphone but an industry
In the meantime, wireless connection between devices required several conditions to allow users to transmit data with less power. Communication standards that meet these requirements have also emerged such as ZigBee and other recent Bluetooth technologies.
However, these communication standards are difficult to fill all conditions. In particular, we need a new communication technology to immediately process data from industrial sites, such as those produced by cloud or edge computing. 5G IoT technology meets these requirements. Existing communication technologies such as Bluetooth and ZigBee need a hub to collect and control data, but 5G can connect factories, construction sites and even places where humans can't reach.
Industrial sites are the best choice to connect data on 5G networks right now. Machine learning technology can interpret the sensor's value in detail, so it can pinpoint changes that people don't notice and find the meaning of the data. For example, if it notices unusual movements before the machine stops operating, or if it informs us in advance of the environmental conditions that can lead to high failure rates, productivity will be increased dramatically.
As a result, industrial sites in the future will be able to significantly improve the connectivity between machines and people through virtualization and improve processes to create more diverse and more dynamic production capacity. 5G is expected to enable large-scale industrial automation across industries with wireless technology of tremendous capacity, extremely low latency, and extreme reliability.
Nokia Future X talks about the role and responsibility of the network; the core value of ‘connection’
Nokia Bell Labs put forward three requirements for the technological revolution in ‘The Future X Network: A Bell Labs Perspective,’ referring to the future that the 5G and subsequent technologies will show.
The requirements of the first technological revolution are the development of new technologies; namely smartphones, the resulting processors, displays, and batteries. The second is the network that connecting people with people in a new way. The last requirement is a change in social and economic reality due to the two conditions that precede it. The evolution of technology and telecommunications is changing our lives in a state of chaos, just as the creation of mobile phones has led to the disappearance of public phones, and the evolution of smartphones and the mobile web has virtually eliminated international calls. Hence Nokia Future X starts by not looking at communication technology simply from the perspective of a ‘connection.’ The difference between the tertiary industry, alias ‘information is power’, and the fourth industrial revolution era, alias ‘Industry 4.0’ begins with human. In a slightly technical way, Nokia 5G Future X simplifies 5G deployment through an architecture-based approach, allowing carriers or businesses deploying 5G to focus on the people they serve, not the 5G network. So how does Nokia simplify 5G? To that end, Nokia is going to present three pillars that can be deployed quickly, reduced costs, and improved performance. The first is pre-design that utilizes cloud-native and open 5G Future X architecture to leverage the latest technology developments. Taking advantage of open industry initiatives at all layers of the network speeds up the pace of innovation. With many vendors and operators working to enhance the same code, CSPs can enjoy an agility not possible when every vendor works on its own proprietary software. Openness also decreases vendor lock-in as CSPs can mix and match the best components. The second is a comprehensive pre-integration that boosts time to market and reduces deployment costs. Nokia stresses that by eliminating the need to integrate the components of the network from the beginning on a case-by-case basis, it can significantly save money and time, and improve end-to-end network performance. In fact, Nokia had seen its effects in pre-5G projects that were carried out with many teleco industries. Pre-integration has resulted in a 45% reduction in time to market for 5G-based services, a 30% reduction in total cost of ownership, and a 15% improvement in end-to-end service reliability. The last is a pre-validation that ensure the use cases behind a CSP’s business case for deploying 5G will deliver the expected cost-performance ratio. The evaluation is performed jointly with Nokia customers and addresses end-to-end performance evaluation and TCO analysis for different applications. It also helps to ensure the highest level of automation for network slicing to serve a wide array of applications for the different customers of CSP.
5G is the foundation technology that makes imagination a reality
5G is not just a network but a catalyst for lifestyle evolution. Nokia describes it as a 'mission-critical network'. It means that 5G has all conditions for the industrial network with performance, reliability and scalability to manage important onsite works.
The change in industrial sites mentioned above is just one example. We have already been working to solve some of the technologies we're familiar with, such as autonomous driving, virtual reality, and telemedicine, in the process of developing 5G. LTE technology is enough to download movies quickly. 5G will allow a car that doesn't need to drive, communication without space constraints, and a more efficient production site than ever before.
Once again, 5G's value comes not from the network itself, but from the change in our environment that the network will create. Many things that we take for granted will be changed. Many people think of the Internet first as the role of network, but it will one of the things 5G will change. 5G network will change. 5G will grow into a technology that breaks many of our stereotypes.
Nokia Bell Labs Future X for industries architecture
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